Evolution timeline of the Indo-European languages    Indo-European historical tree

Download this timeline as pdf: IE evolution timeline (PDF format)
Comments about this tree:
This tree reflects the classification of the Indo-European languages according to the data from www.eLinguistics.net. After having gathered feedbacks from the linguist community over the past three years, the basis data of eLinguistics.net has improved. The particular challenge in this tree is to estimate dates of separations of language families. Basis data are 7000+ IE pairwise comparisons. Dates are estimated using a polynomial regression out of known relations between eLinguistics.net genetic distance and the age of common ancestors of languages (interpolation). These results are still experimental but in many instances already in line with existing estimates and hypotheses.

For what can this be useful?
Wheareas the classification of the Indo-European languages in sub-families is not subject to debate, the place and date at which the earlier stages of the European languages are not clearly known. There are many hypotheses, placing the Proto-Indo-European language (the common ancestor of all sub-families) between 7000 and 3500 BC. All the nodes in the tree represent a stage at which languages split from each other, forming new sub-families. Estimating the dates of theses nodes is an interesting job, because it can be in line with hypotheses coming from other methods.
The dates in this tree are purely mathematical estimates, based on the data from eLinguistics.net.