|Use of roots comparing ancient and modern Greek|
Posted by: Askar on Dec. 30, 2017, 03:41Concerning Ancient Greek
οδουςin the genitive was οδόντος /odontos/ (D-N-T)
νύξ has pronounced /nyks/ (N-K) (-s was part of the ending) and in genitive was /nyktos/ (N-K-T)
I think you should use the genitives because the nominatives descend from earlier *odonts *nykts
ους is problematic because -s is also part of the ending (the genitive was ωτός).
You could use ωτίον (-T-) which meant 'handle, ear'
(In Mycenean the root could have been *owo-)
The word for three in Tsakonian is 'τσια' (tsia). I am not sure about its exact phonetic value but it should be probably in the cluster -C-
Four is like Modern Greek.
By the way the Tsakonian word for eye is interesting because in Greek (Ancient and Modern) there is also the word οφθαλμός. (F-TH-L-M in Modern, I don't know how someone should transcribe the 'aspirated stops' of the reconstructed Ancient pronunciation)
Posted by: Vincent on Jan. 4, 2018, 21:25Hello,
I wanted to thank you very much for your time and these details. I have put it online now. I have used the genitive form for the Ancient Greek roots and made a footnote about this step. It brings ancient and modern Greek closer to each other - perhaps too close (8 is typically a distance for languages separated for about 1000- 1200 years). But Greek is certainly a special case as we cannot speak of "separation". The evolution process is certainly not to compare with Latin to modern Romance languages.
For one thing I am not sure and I haven't changed it for now: do you mean that modern δ has to be codified "TH" and not "D"?
Thanks again, these details as unvaluable, as Greek is a language for which the linguist community has a big focus on, and it's not good to keep mistakes online...
Here are the Greek (ancient and modern) as well as Tsakonian comparison for future reading of this post:
Modern Greek to ancient Greek comparison
Modern Greek to Tsakonian comparison